A new report by security firm Kaspersky Lab reveals 12 percent of all global organizations were targeted by hackers in at least one cyberattack last year, up from 9 percent in 2012, showing global hacking is on the rise, . The firm issued a survey to 4,000 IT managers from 27 different countries and found the public and defense sectors accounted for the most attacks. Factors that affect a company's security against potential attacks include its industry and its existing cyberdefenses.
Cyberattacks a Concern for Companies and Global Leaders Alike
Eighteen percent of government and defense organizations experienced cyberattacks. This likely means cyber attacks are a major concern for leaders of countries affected by this problem. Attacks on these groups were more frequent than last year. It is probable that the countries dealing with these attacks are spending a great deal of money to boost their cyberdefenses.
One example of a group that is targeting the U.S. in particular is the hacking group Anonymous.The group has already hacked into computer systems belonging to several federal agencies and stolen crucial information, . The government described the group as a long-term threat that is widespread.
Ordinary firms that have nothing to do with the government must also take care to avoid being attacked. The industries most affected are in the telecom, financial services and transport and logistics sector. Seventeen percent of those in the telecom sector reported a hacking attempt, while 16 percent of IT professionals in both the financial services and transportation reported a cyberattack.
It is likely that companies without proper IT network security in place are at a greater risk for being hacked because hackers typically aim for the low-hanging fruit, which is to say they attack companies that are the most vulnerable to cyberattacks.
An Example of One Global Malware Threat
Cybersecurity is becoming an issue that every company must address. One example of a threat to companies around the world is the so-called Careto or "Mask" malware, . This threat has affected companies in as many as 31 different countries, with more than 1,000 IP addresses hacked by it. It is very sophisticated and difficult to detect. It includes several different components, and it will attack different software in different ways. For example, it will automatically hack a computer with the Linux operating system differently from a Windows computer. Secure List reports that this is one of the most advanced pieces of malware in current existence.
The software has been known to infiltrate not only governments, but also private companies. The total number of victims is as of yet unknown, due to its ability to hide in a computer system.